Psoriasis is non-communicable diseases dermatology, pathology, not the contact plyfit-only way. For this disease is inherent in the term chronic and frequent recurring phenomenon. The most frequent type of disease is psoriasis of the scalp. By itself the disease is not in itself a significant threat to the health and does not represent a hazard to human life. However, it is conducive to the emergence of complex and psychological problems due to the aesthetics of the type of psoriatic plaques and plates, and also due to the itching, what bothers the patient. Psoriasis is one of the forms of scaly herpes, which usually appear on the head. In fact it is not an independent disease, but a failure of the system in the body.
Causes of the pathology
Nowadays, the exact reasons why a person appears psoriasis in the head and in other parts of the body is not installed. New hypotheses, are periodically, and the old refuted. The base of the disease is accelerated cell division that occurs in response to failures in metabolism processes. There are trigger factors that may be potential causes of the development of this problem.
According to the majority of the health professionals, the most probable are the following:
- The weakening of the immune system.
- Frequent stress situations.
- The abuse of alcoholic beverages.
- A diet unbalanced.
- Mechanical injury in the region of hair growth.
- The changes in hormone levels.
- The existence in the body foci of chronic infections.
- A prolonged treatment with hormonal medication.
- Diseases of the digestive system.
- Professional overload.
- Hereditary predisposition to psoriasis.
- Reaction of cosmetics for hair care.
- The excess dryness of the scalp.
- Disturbances in the endocrine system.
- Autoimmune diseases processes in the body of the patient.
- Accommodation in cold climates, or prolonged exposure to cold, sudden changes of temperature.
- Violation of processes of formation and maturation of skin cells.
If the psoriasis is inherited genetically, then, the first of its manifestation observed after twenty-five years. If you have other risk factors for the disease usually only occurs after reaching the 35th age. The main risk of disease is the risk of emergence of complications and in the development of psoriatic arthritis. If the disease is chronic, the aggravation may cause the abuse of alcoholic beverages.
Characteristics of symptoms when psoriasis head depends on the stage. First, the person can not guess about what ails him, but slowly he begins to torment itching, irritation in the skin.
The development of the disease occurs in stages:
- Skin peeling, itching.
- The gain of irritation and itching sensations.
- When you brush hair damaged skin, appear small wound.
- The skin on the head thickens and becomes rough, are characteristic of psoriatic arthritis of the catch.
- Outbreaks of lesions may occur on the ears, on the neck, go to the line of growth of hair about the forehead.
- You receive dandruff, flakes of white color.
- Complete coverage of the scalp plates, and grey scales.
- The skin under the plates easily injured and bleeds, even if it's just scratching.
When the psoriasis is the hair usually does not fall, because it does not occur the defeat of the follicles.
Regarding the stages of the disease, they are divided according to the manifestations and phasing symptoms:
- The first eruptions appear during the initial phase.
- The spread of the itching and new foci of inflammation is a progressing phase.
- The lack of change of state occurs when the phase.
- The symptoms gradually away, and in local inflammatory elements are formed pink patches. This pattern is observed when decreasing phase.
Any mechanical impact leads to the proliferation of eruptions. In the majority of patients signs of the disease, with time, appear in other parts of the body, and only a quarter of these psoriasis of the scalp restricted to this area.
Psoriasis is a chronic disease, in which the acute phase is constantly changing references. But even with the withdrawal symptoms, to completely get rid of rashes impossible. The severity of clinical manifestations question dermatological pathology depends on the individual characteristics of the organism, from the state of the human immune system. Someone psoriasis simply delivers the moral inconvenience, and it is a bit of a defect. But there are patients that have this disease becomes an obstacle to the normal exercise of professional activity, personal life.
Treat psoriasis on the head must, necessarily, pre-but, with the appearance of the first symptom, you should make sure that it is really psoriasis and not ringworm, seborrhea or any other skin disease.
- The collection of history.
- The visual inspection.
- The study of scales, with the head under the microscope.
- Biopsy and histological matter with the head.
- Psoriatic triad (stearin spot terminal film, the symptom of Auspitz).
- An analysis of common blood.
- The evaluation of the speed of sedimentation of the erythrocytes.
- Rheumatoid Factor.
Treated if psoriasis on the head
The study of the characteristics of the disease in question to healthcare professionals have been involved for a long time, are carried out several studies are being developed for the treatment regimen. But, as a general rule, all of the methods for excavation symptomatology, but not the elimination of the pathology. For that the cure need to know the exact cause of the origin of psoriasis, and the science is still unknown.
But the modern therapeutic techniques, allow the person, if not get rid of psoriatic plaques forever, or at least reach the reception of remission, so that he can lead a quality life. Achieving this is only possible if an integrated approach to the treatment. It's not worth to rely on advertising and advice from loved ones, it is necessary to consult a doctor and perform assigned to a course of therapy, comply with all the assignments and recommendations.
How to treat psoriasis in head
Clear psoriasis with the head fully for more about it do not remember it very difficult. But if the various rules, you can ensure that the disease for a long time not have bothered the man.
When developing a treatment plan, doctors take into account several factors:
- How common is the inflammatory process.
- The age, the sex of the patient.
- The stage of psoriasis.
- The probable causes of the disease.
Cure psoriasis in head, the subject of an action comprehensive:
- The use of tools to the treatment site.
- The application of medicines.
- Sanatorium treatment.
- Conferences of the event.
- Healthy food.
When the light of all diseases are attributed to a variety of creams and ointments, special healing shampoos, made from birch tar, and t. d. These tools can help to relieve the state, if the eruption does not have the propensity for disclosure.
Medicines for psoriasis are divided into local and system. Depending on which patient phase, are assigned as a kerato-plastic, or hormonal ointments. If the psoriasis reeds, there is shown the use of drugs. To each patient is assigned to a special treatment according to the individual characteristics of the organism.
The list is not hormonal of funds that has the stain of the head to the patient when psoriasis:
- Salicylic acid, ointment is a good help for psoriasis, such as on the head and in the other areas of the body. The medication relieves inflammation, and has antiseptic effect, exfoliate and regenerates the epidermis.
- TheirtYalova ointment relieves the irritation and stops the inflammatory process, eliminates the unpleasant feeling.
- Preparations with a basis of pantenol soften, nourish and moisturize the irritated skin when the psoriasis.
- The ointment retinoids contribute to slow the maturation of flaking skin.
- In some cases they are assigned antGribkova tools.
- Ointments that contain vitamin D3, have anti-inflammatory effect, strengthen the immunity local.
- NAFtалanonвая ointment is an antiseptic that relieves pain and the sensation of itching, relieves inflammation.
- The ointment to the base of lysozyme, honey, salicylic acid, solidol, and other substances leads to the reception of remission with the regular use, according to the instructions.
- The ointment, made of birch tar have wound healing and kerato-plastic effect.
- Ointment anti-histamines used to eliminate the itching and stop the inflammatory process.
- The ointment base of zinc.
Get rid of the most serious manifestations of psoriasis in head can be hormonal ointments. It is very important to use the hormonal ointment under doctor's control, because they have a large number of side effects, especially if you do not follow the instructions of use. The most frequent complication is the syndrome of abstinence and the evolution of the disease with new power.
The system of medicines
The treatment of severe forms of psoriasis in the head, implemented local and systemic drugs in the complex.
Typically are assigned to the tool from the following list:
- Hormonal injections or pills for a fast impact on the metabolic processes, the resolution of inflammation.
- The reception imunoestimulador of drugs.
- Anti-depressants and psychotropic drugs are used for the treatment of depression, social phobia, insomnia. Its reception is possible only under the attentive supervision of a doctor, because there is a risk of complications under his influence.
- Antihistamine therapy.
- Intake of vitamins of groups A, b and With.
- Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medicines.
- The antibiotics are shown when the accession of an infectious process.
Resolve psoriatic plaque, mobilize on the scalp, also can be with the help of physiotherapy-treatment.
It consists of the following procedures:
- The ultraviolet impact.
- The plasmapheresis.
- The cryo-treatment.
- The phototherapy.
The treatment of psoriasis folk means possible, but only as a complement to the core of drug therapy. Are typically used in teas and infusions, juices, broths, and deep of medicinal plants, vegetables, and other natural means.
The most effective of them:
- Strips of onions to be applied on the scalp.
- Comfeasttonвая dye Chistonteating.
- Compress lightly пondonгреtsх in the water of the bath oil, and oils of peanuts.
- The juice of aloe.
- Ointment solidol, vaseline, honey, and chicken eggs.
- Burdock oil.
- An infusion of black elderberry.
- A variety of masks on the basis of birch tar.
- The essential oils.
Timely therapeutic measures and to carefully follow the medical recommendations may help to prevent the progression of psoriasis, and the spread of the inflammatory process and achieve disease remission.